• Shift 1

    Balancing Informational

    & Literary Text


    Students read a true balance of informational and literary texts.


    Shift 2


    Knowledge in the Disciplines


    Students build knowledge about the world (domains/ content areas) through TEXT rather than the teacher or activities


    Shift 3


    Staircase of Complexity


    Students read the central, grade appropriate text around which instruction is centered. Teachers are patient, create more time and space and support in the curriculum for close reading.


    Shift 4


    Text-based Answers


    Students engage in rich and rigorous evidence based conversations about text.


    Shift 5


    Writing from Sources


    Writing emphasizes use of evidence from sources to inform or make an argument.


    Shift 6


    Academic Vocabulary


    Students constantly build the transferable vocabulary they need to access grade level complex texts. This can be done effectively by spiraling like content in increasingly complex texts.