Summary of Six Types of Syllables in English Orthography
A syllable with a short vowel, spelled with a single vowel letter ending in one or more consonants.
A syllable with a long vowel, spelled with one vowel + one consonant + silent e.
A syllable that ends with a long vowel sound, spelled with a single vowel letter.
Syllables with long or short vowel spellings that use two to four letters to spell the vowel. Diphthongs ou/ow and oi/oyare included in this category.
A syllable with er, ir, or, ar, or ur. Vowel pronunciation often changes before /r/.
An unaccented final syllable that contains a consonant before /l/, followed by a silent e.
Leftovers: Odd and Schwa syllables
Usually final, unaccented syllables with odd spellings.