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    Summary of Six Types of Syllables in English Orthography

    Syllable Type

    Examples

    Definition

    Closed

    dap-ple
    hos-tel
    bev-er-age

    A syllable with a short vowel, spelled with a single vowel letter ending in one or more consonants.

    Vowel-Consonant-e(VCe)

    com-pete
    des-pite

    A syllable with a long vowel, spelled with one vowel + one consonant + silent e.

    Open

    pro-gram
    ta-ble
    re-cent

    A syllable that ends with a long vowel sound, spelled with a single vowel letter.

    Vowel Team
    (including diphthongs)

    aw-ful
    train-er
    con-geal
    spoil-age

    Syllables with long or short vowel spellings that use two to four letters to spell the vowel. Diphthongs ou/ow and oi/oyare included in this category.

    Vowel-r (r-controlled)

    in-jur-i-ous
    con-sort
    char-ter

    A syllable with er, ir, or, ar, or ur. Vowel pronunciation often changes before /r/.

    Consonant-le(C-le)

    drib-ble
    bea-gle
    lit-tle

    An unaccented final syllable that contains a consonant before /l/, followed by a silent e.

    Leftovers: Odd and Schwa syllables

    dam-age
    act-ive
    na-tion

    Usually final, unaccented syllables with odd spellings.